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Pulse Polio Abhiyan Essayshark

President Ram Nath Kovind, launched the Pulse Polio Immunisation (PPI) programme for 2018 here on Saturday by administering polio drops to children less than five years old at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

The event was organised on the eve of the National Immunisation Day, which is observed on 28 January. More than 17 crore children of less than five years across the country will be given polio drops as part of the government’s drive to eradicate polio from the country.

Speaking at the function, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare J. P. Nadda said, “We need to remain vigilant and maintain the population’s immunity and [continue] sensitive surveillance till global polio eradication happens as polio virus is still circulating in other parts of the world and may reinfect us.”

The Minister further stated that the government is making all the possible efforts to protect children from more and more diseases. “It is important that all vaccines under the programme reach every last child of our country,” he added. “To provide additional protection to our children, we have also introduced the injectable Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) into the routine immunisation programme.”

He pointed out that the Universal Immunisation Programme is focusing on safeguarding children from more diseases than ever before, and has introduced new vaccines like the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) and rotavirus vaccine.

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Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI), India

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This project documents the measures in fighting poliomyelitis through massive immunization programme launched by the Government of India, in co-operation with international agencies, state governments and non-government/voluntary organizations.

India launched the Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI) program in 1995 as a result of World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Under this programme, all children under 5 years are given 2 doses of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) in December and January every year until polio is eradicated.

PPI was initiated with the objective of achieving hundred percent coverage under OPV. It aims to reach the unreached children through improved social mobilization, plan mop-up operations in areas where poliovirus has almost disappeared and maintain high level of morale among the public.

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