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Sentence Stems For Comparing And Contrasting Essays

ELL Writing Resources

This is a skeleton essay I created with sentence starters and transitions you can provide to your students to assist them with writing an argumentative essay. 
This is a chart I created that was inspired by Gretchen Bernabei's Ba-Da-Bing writing strategy to assist students with adding detail to sentences.
These Blueprint For Exceptional Writing graphic organizers can be used to assist students with organizing their writing for informational and expository texts. 
These Blueprint For Exceptional Writing graphic organizers can be used to assist students with organizing their writing for narrative texts. 
​This is resource I created to assist my EL students with writing book reviews. I have provided paragraph frames and vocabulary banks to scaffold the writing process for students. 
This chart explains how to use the Expanding Expression Tool with students to improve the quality of their writing. 
This document could be printed and folded in half to create a student bookmark. 
Gretchen Bernabi has some fantastic writing resources on her site that are really useful for language learners. 
This graphic organizer, created by Super Teacher Worksheets.Com, compares writing a good paragraph to building a delicious hamburger. It encourages students to begin with a strong topic sentence and end with a closing sentences and leaves space to add lots of details in the middle. 
This is a great resource of models essays for most types of writing that are taught at the middle school and high school level. 
This is an excellent collection of graphic organizers and paragraph frames that can be used to scaffold writing for English learners. 
This is a useful set of paragraph frames that can be used to scaffold writing for secondary students for the following text structures: descriptive, sequence, compare/contrast, cause/effect, and problem/solution. 
These sentence starters, adapted from 7 Steps to a Language-Rich Interactive Classroom by John Seidlitz and Bill Perryman, are organized by the different levels of thinking you can use to scaffold writing for ELL students in your classroom. 
This resource, created by Marcie Wolfe, provides a variety of sentence starters for students to use when responding to readings.
This is great resource, created by the Eastern Institute of Technology, provides sentence starters and frames students can use for academic writing. 
These are free posters you can print out and hang in your classroom that provides signal words for compare/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution, sequencing, and descriptive writing. 
This is a great resource for students to use when writing a written response to a novel. 
This Blueprint For Exceptional Writing graphic organizer can be used to help students expand their vocabulary by developing analogies and finding creative imagery words related to a central theme or topic. 
This Blueprint For Exceptional Writing graphic organizer can be used to help students generate paper topic ideas around a central theme. 
This is a great resource created by Scholastic for introductory essay writing. It has model essays and graphic organizers with sentence frames for the following genres of writing: narrative, descriptive, summaries, how-to-writing, persuasive, compare/contrast, cause & effect, and problem/solution. 
These are 89 different visual writing prompts created by Gretchen Bernabei.
This is an extensive collection of words students can use to describe what they are reading. 

Sometimes teachers get stuck thinking that their students have to write a full blown compare and contrast essay (including all of the steps of the writing process) every time they write. Don’t get stuck thinking this way!

Students don’t have to write an entire essay every time you want them to practice comparing and contrasting within their writing – students can practice this skill just by writing a paragraph, or even a sentence!

As you begin incorporating this into your lessons, provide scaffolding through sentence starters or paragraph frames. This is especially beneficial for your ELL and low language students, but ALL of your students will benefit from this strategy.

Example Sentence Starters
1. _______________ and _______________ are different because _______________.

2. _______________ and _______________ are alike because _______________.

3. The most important difference between _______________ and _______________ is _______________.

4. An important similarity between _______________ and _______________ is _______________.

After students have been successful at writing sentences that compare and contrast, expand to short paragraphs. Provide similar scaffolding to help your 3rd grade, 4th grade, or 5th grade students be successful.

Example Paragraph Frames

1. _______________ and _______________ have many differences. The most important difference is ______________________________. Another difference is ______________________________. Finally, ______________________________.

2. _______________ and _______________ are similar in many ways. For example, _________________________. Furthermore, they both _________________________. A final similarity is _________________________.

This scaffolding not only provides students with a model for how to compare and contrast in their writing, but it also improves their own writing.

You might also find these ideas on integrating writing into text features, character traits, or point of view helpful.

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