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Building Construction Technology Assignment

Task 1 (P1) - Describe the factors that influence the design processAt the beginning of the design process, a feasibility study would be carried out in order to determine if the project can be completed. Many factors influence the designprocess and before any building project can begin, they all have to be looked at and assessed through a feasibility study. Some of the factors taken into account include the client’s needs and requirements, available finance, timescale, planning approval, access and egress to and from the site, surrounding building, and existing services as well as many others.The land topography greatly influences the design process. Before any construction can begin, the land must be inspected to see whether the building can actually be constructed on the plot of land. Trial holes need to be dug, water tables acquired andinformation about existing services collected. Existing services can affect the build asthey could be crossing the build area and may need to be diverted. Trial holes allow you to understand the condition of the subsoil and determine the best type of foundation to use. This could cause costs to rise if large machinery is required to dig deeper foundations. Wildlife in the area could also affect the design process. The building may need to be altered in order to avoid disturbing wildlife or vegetation.The design process is hugely influenced by the client’s budget. The Finance available determines how big the building can be, the type and quality of materials available to use as well as the area and structure of land it can be built on. Before the design of the building is started quotations are made to give the client a rough idea of what can be built using the finance available. This could be done using information from past builds with a similar budget and building use. If the design of the building costs more than expected changes would have to be made prior to starting the build. Changes to the design can significantly affect the build process. If the client decides to change the design or it needs to be changed due to unforeseen design hitches, it would cause the project to take longer and the cost of the project would rise. It may even involve hiring additional team members at an additional cost.

Design assignment

Objectives

The design assignment is aimed to develop the Fiskars area. Groups may choose any location within Fiskars as their design area but EmpatiA workshop encourages groups to examine the these areas. The selected area can be freely developed in a way the group feels necessary, but must be designed under the group's self-defined "empathic design principles". It is however noted that empathy can be realized in many ways and on many scales.

The groups must first consider how Fiskars should be developed and then focus on selecting empathy-based design principles and solutions that improve the comprehensive accessibility, usability, quality and identity of the area. The goal is to find solutions that are appropriate to the history of Fiskars, as well as reflecting the current area's structure and development. Changes in this culturally and historically valuable environment must be very carefully considered, respecting the character of the district.

Groups need to consider several scales: the wider community, Fiskars village, the localized design area, block structure, individual buildings and details. Groups may design complementary constructions and come up with new ideas for the use of old building stock. As the design area is Fiskars, groups must in particular respect the themes of art, craftsmanship and entrepreneurship. 

The proposed development ideas do not necessarily have to be capable of feasible implementation with existing technology and today's construction practices - the overall concept is more important than flawless detail. The design process should however form a pathway through which new insights concerning the empathy of the built environment come into being. 

A successful project will clearly outline selected empathic design principles and offer innovative, influential ideas and design solutions that specifically complement the Fiskars location.

Three phases of the design assignment

Phase 1: “Empathic design principles"

The first phase is a strategic reflection responding to the topic of “empathy and architecture". 

The group should prepare a short presentation which discusses:

-    How the group understands the theme “empathy and architecture”?
-    Empathic design principles: how empathy should be displayed in Fiskars area?

Groups may consider the differences between empathetic and non-empathetic architecture / built environment / planning methods / example buildings or areas. Groups may also reveal their chosen design area if they wish.

Outcome, submission, presentation and feedback: Presentation method is free: groups can prepare pdf/PowerPoint presentation or report their ideas using sounds, poetry or movement. The presentation will last a maximum of 7 minutes. Each member of the group must participate in the presentation. Presentations will be held in a seminar and scheduled accordingly. 

Phase 2: “Empathic design solutions"

The second phase focuses on actual design solutions for the area. 

The group will prepare a presentation which discusses:

-    The main results of the selected design area analysis
-    Empathic design solutions: how the area should be developed under group's self-defined "empathic design principles"?

Please note: The group should not only set goals (ecological, adaptable, etc.) for the selected area, but also answer how these chosen goals are to be realised.

Outcome, submission, presentation and feedback: Presentation should be in digital format (pdf/PowerPoint presentation or similar).  The size of the digital submission is horizontal A3 (297×420 mm).  The presentation will last a maximum of 15 minutes. Each member of the group must participate in the presentation. Presentations will be held in a seminar and scheduled accordingly.

Material to be submitted can include the  following material according to the group's discretion:

  • General plan 1:1000–1:500
  • Floor plans, sections and elevations 1:500–1:200 
  • At least one indoor perspective drawing and one outdoor perspective drawing from a location chosen by the group
  • Optional additional material that illustrates the ideas: diagrams, 3D-illustrations, scale models, details etc. 

Phase 3: Final submission "Empathy on different scales” 

In the last phase, the design project will be fine-tuned and completed.

In final submission it is important to consider all the scales involved, from the entire Fiskars community to individual buildings and architectural details.

Outcome, submission, presentation and feedback: Presentation should be in digital format (pdf/PowerPoint presentation or similar).  The size of the digital submission is horizontal A3 (297×420 mm).  The presentation will last a maximum of 20 minutes. Each member of the group must participate in the presentation. Presentations will be held in a seminar and scheduled accordingly.

All materials submitted must be of publishable quality. If published images (e.g. images from the Fiskars Corporation image bank, maps from Paikkatietoikkuna, etc.) are used, the image source must be clearly acknowledged.

The final submission of the project can include any of the following components according to the group's discretion:

  • Concept description
  • Diagram/idea how the design area and the proposed development is linked to the whole Fiskars area and community
  • General plan 1:2000–1:500
  • Floor plans, areal sections and elevations 1:500–1:200 
  • Floor plans, sections, details of selected buildings/dwellings 1:100–1:5
  • At least one indoor perspective drawing and one outdoor perspective drawing from a location chosen by the group
  • Optional additional material that illustrates the ideas: diagrams, 3D-illustrations, scale models, details etc. 

Practicalities

The first and second submissions are submitted by bringing your presentation and materials on a memory stick to the seminar. The final submission is to be submitted according to schedule to: sini.kotilainen(at)tut.fi  using Funet FileSender (https://filesender.funet.fi). Finnish students from Aalto and TUT have access to this service. Late submissions will not be accepted. The provision of feedback during seminars is compulsory for all student participants

Criteria for evaluation

All projects will be evaluated by a panel composed of representatives of the Fiskars Village, teachers and organizers of the  workshops and experts in the fields of architecture. The principal judgment criteria are how the group processes the theme “empathy and architecture”; how the group envisions future developments which fall under the workshop's main theme; the group's choice of design area in Fiskars and the proposed design/development fits into the location. Additional criteria will also focus on sustainability, comprehensive accessibility, usability, quality, and identity of design.

Updated by: Sini Saarimaa, 03.04.2014 14:12.
Keywords: education and studies

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